The Maryland House of Delegates is the lower house of the legislature of the State of Maryland. It consists of 141 delegates elected from 47 districts. The House of Delegates Chamber is in the Maryland State House on State Circle in Annapolis, the state capital. The State House also houses the Maryland State Senate Chamber and the offices of the Governor and Lieutenant Governor of the State of Maryland. Each delegate has offices in Annapolis, in the nearby Casper R. Taylor Jr. House Office Building.

History of Maryland House of Delegates

17th century origins

The Maryland House of Delegates originated as the Lower House of the General Assembly of the Province of Maryland in 1650, during the time when it was an English colony, when the Assembly (legislature) became a bicameral body.[2] The Lower House often fought with the Upper House for political influence in the colony. The Upper House consisted of the Governor and his Council, all personally appointed by Lord Baltimore and Proprietor of the Province, and thus tended to protect his interests in Maryland. Conversely, the Lower House tended to push for political change in the colony, claiming to be the true elected representatives of the people.

In this context, the Lower House continually fought for more power by asserting exclusive rights in certain legislative areas, such as levying taxes and originating money bills. This reflected similar attitudes in the other colonies on the East Coast of North America with the beginnings and growth of representative government during the 17th century, as each province’s representatives constantly agitated for more rights, powers, and respect from the Proprietors, Governors, and even the King and Parliament in London.

The Governor also had some measure of control over the Lower House in the late seventeenth century. Despite the fact that each county was entitled to elect four delegates, the governor selected only two of these to sit in the Lower House. This enabled the Governor to control the Lower House’s membership.

In 1689, the transfer of Maryland from a proprietary colony to a royal colony temporarily quieted the disputes between the Lower House and the Governor and Council. Appointed by the crown, the royal governors allowed the Lower House substantial latitude with its legislative agenda. The first General Assembly under Royal Authority, in 1692, passed 85 acts in a single session. The Lower House immediately acted to remove the Governor’s influence over the election of delegates. Now, elected delegates could attend the session without the need for a special writ from the Governor. At the same time, standing or continuing committees were established. These eliminated the Lower House’s reliance on ad hoc committees and created the first modern legislature in Maryland. During this period, the Lower House became known as the “House of Delegates”.

18th century

The Maryland Constitution of 1776 formally established the modern House of Delegates. Initially, representation was based on geography as the voters of each county elected four delegates, and two each were elected from the towns of Annapolis and Baltimore.[2] These delegates served one-year terms (increased to two years in 1845, and four years in 1922, as it is today).

19th century

Beginning with the 1838 elections, each county elected at least three and up to six delegates depending on its population. Baltimore City elected the same number of delegates as did the most populous county, but after 1840, the Town of Annapolis was then considered part of Anne Arundel County. Reapportionment was required after every federal census in an attempt to achieve equal representation.

Modern era

The current pattern for distribution of seats in the House of Delegates began with the legislative apportionment plan of 1972 and has been revised every ten years thereafter. The plan created 47 legislative districts, many of which cross county boundaries to delineate districts relatively equal in population. Each legislative district sends three delegates for a total of 141 members of the House. Some of the larger districts are divided into delegate sub-districts to provide local representation to areas not large enough to constitute an entire legislative district.[2] In a special session on May 1, 2019, Delegate Adrienne Jones became the first woman and the first African American to be elected Speaker of the Maryland House of Delegates.[3]

Powers and functions

The powers and functions of the Maryland House of Delegates are outlined in the Maryland Constitution. Along with the State Senate, the House has the power to approve laws, establish executive departments, levy taxes, and propose state constitutional amendments. Both houses also have the power to elect the state treasurer and to appoint a new Governor if the offices of Governor and Lieutenant Governor are simultaneously vacant. In addition, the House of Delegates has the sole power to impeach members of the executive branch, including the Governor. Once the House of Delegates has passed articles of impeachment, the person impeached stands trial before the State Senate.

Organization

The House of Delegates utilizes a number of different organizational structures. Much of the work of drafting and reviewing bills is done by six standing committees: Appropriations, Economic Matters, Environment and Transportation, Health and Government Operations, Judiciary, and Ways and Means. Each of these committees is then divided further into sub-committees by issue area. An additional continuing committee, Executive Nominations, has the responsibility for confirming appointments of the Governor. Delegates also divide themselves into a variety of legally recognized work groups, Joint and Special Committees, caucuses, and geographic delegations. The two largest caucuses are those of the Democratic and Republican Parties.

Smaller caucuses might group Delegates by identity, such as the Women’s Caucus,[4] notably the first women’s legislative caucus founded in the United States.[5] The Asian-American and Pacific Islander caucus,[6] or Legislative Black Caucus are other examples. Delegates may also organize by issue or area of experience, such as the Veterans’ Caucus.[7] In addition, delegates from a certain county, smaller towns, or Baltimore City might organize its delegate delegation into a caucus-style group, such as the Baltimore City Delegation or the Western Maryland Delegation.

Composition

AffiliationParty

(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
DemocraticRepublicanGrnIndVacant
2007–2010 Session1043601[8]1410
2011–2014 Session9843001410
2015–2018 Session[9]9150001410
October 15, 2018[10]9249001410
November 19, 2018[11]9149101410
2019–2022 Session9942001410
Latest voting share70.2%29.8%

Leadership

Current leadership in the Maryland House of Delegates.[12]

PositionNamePartyDistrict
Speaker of the HouseAdrienne A. Jones (November 2007).jpg Adrienne A. JonesDemocratic10
Speaker Pro TemporeDelegate Sheree Sample-Hughes.jpg Sheree Sample-HughesDemocratic37A
Majority LeaderEric Luedtke Headshot.jpg Eric LuedtkeDemocratic14
Majority WhipTalmadge Branch (2007).jpg Talmadge BranchDemocratic45
Minority LeaderJASON C. BUCKEL.jpg Jason C. BuckelRepublican1B
Minority WhipChristopher T. AdamsRepublican37B

List of current delegates

DistrictDelegatePartySinceResidenceCounties represented
1AWendell R. BeitzelRepublican2007McHenryAllegany, Garrett
1BJason C. BuckelRepublican2015CumberlandAllegany
1CMike McKayRepublican2015CumberlandAllegany, Washington
2ANeil ParrottRepublican2011HagerstownWashington
William J. WivellRepublican2015Smithsburg
2BBrenda J. ThiamRepublican2020HagerstownWashington
3ACarol L. KrimmDemocratic2015FrederickFrederick
Karen Lewis YoungDemocratic2015Frederick
3BKenneth P. KerrDemocratic2019FrederickFrederick
4Barrie CilibertiRepublican2015FrederickCarroll, Frederick
Daniel L. CoxRepublican2019Cascade
Jesse PippyRepublican2019Frederick
5Susan W. KrebsRepublican2003SykesvilleCarroll
April RoseRepublican2015Westminster
Haven ShoemakerRepublican2015Hampstead
6Robin Grammer Jr.Republican2015EssexBaltimore County
Robert B. LongRepublican2015Baltimore
Richard W. MetzgarRepublican2015Essex
7Lauren ArikanRepublican2019JarrettsvilleBaltimore County, Harford
Richard ImpallariaRepublican2003Joppa
Kathy SzeligaRepublican2011Perry Hall
8Harry BhandariDemocratic2019NottinghamBaltimore County
Joseph C. Boteler IIIRepublican2019Perry Hall
Carl W. JacksonDemocratic2019Baltimore
9ATrent KittlemanRepublican2015West FriendshipCarroll, Howard
Reid NovotnyRepublican2021Glenelg
9BCourtney WatsonDemocratic2019Ellicott CityHoward
10Benjamin BrooksDemocratic2015WoodstockBaltimore County
Jay JalisiDemocratic2015Reisterstown
Adrienne A. JonesDemocratic1997Woodstock
11Lisa BelcastroDemocratic2020PikesvilleBaltimore County
Jon S. CardinDemocratic2019Owings Mills
Dana SteinDemocratic2007Pikesville
12Eric EbersoleDemocratic2015CatonsvilleBaltimore County, Howard
Jessica M. FeldmarkDemocratic2019Columbia
Terri L. HillDemocratic2015Columbia
13Vanessa AtterbearyDemocratic2015FultonHoward
Shane PendergrassDemocratic1995Columbia
Jennifer R. TerrasaDemocratic2019Columbia
14Anne KaiserDemocratic2003Silver SpringMontgomery
Eric LuedtkeDemocratic2011Ashton
Pamela E. QueenDemocratic2016Olney
15Vacant since November 5, 2021.
David Fraser-HidalgoDemocratic2013Boyds
Lily QiDemocratic2019North Potomac
16Ariana KellyDemocratic2011BethesdaMontgomery
Marc KormanDemocratic2015Bethesda
Sara N. LoveDemocratic2019Bethesda
17Kumar P. BarveDemocratic1991RockvilleMontgomery
James W. GilchristDemocratic2007Rockville
Julie Palakovich CarrDemocratic2019Rockville
18Alfred C. Carr Jr.Democratic2007KensingtonMontgomery
Emily ShettyDemocratic2019Kensington
Jared SolomonDemocratic2019Chevy Chase
19Charlotte CrutchfieldDemocratic2019Silver SpringMontgomery
Bonnie CullisonDemocratic2011Silver Spring
Vaughn StewartDemocratic2019Derwood
20Lorig CharkoudianDemocratic2019Takoma ParkMontgomery
David MoonDemocratic2015Silver Spring
Jheanelle WilkinsDemocratic2017Silver Spring
21Benjamin S. BarnesDemocratic2007College ParkAnne Arundel, Prince George’s
Mary A. LehmanDemocratic2019Laurel
Joseline Peña-MelnykDemocratic2007College Park
22Anne HealeyDemocratic1991HyattsvillePrince George’s
Alonzo T. WashingtonDemocratic2012Greenbelt
Nicole A. WilliamsDemocratic2019Greenbelt
23AGeraldine Valentino-SmithDemocratic2011BowiePrince George’s
23BMarvin E. Holmes Jr.Democratic2003Upper MarlboroPrince George’s
Cheryl S. LandisDemocratic2021Upper Marlboro
24Andrea HarrisonDemocratic2019Upper MarlboroPrince George’s
Jazz LewisDemocratic2017Glenarden
Faye Martin HowellDemocratic2021Landover
25Darryl BarnesDemocratic2015Upper MarlboroPrince George’s
Nick CharlesDemocratic2019District Heights
Dereck E. DavisDemocratic1995Bowie
26Veronica L. TurnerDemocratic2019Temple HillsPrince George’s
Kris ValderramaDemocratic2007Fort Washington
Jay WalkerDemocratic2007Fort Washington
27ASusie ProctorDemocratic2015AccokeekCharles, Prince George’s
27BRachel JonesDemocratic2021OwingsCalvert, Prince George’s
27CMark N. FisherRepublican2011Prince FrederickCalvert
28Debra M. DavisDemocratic2019Indian HeadCharles
Edith J. PattersonDemocratic2015Pomfret
C.T. WilsonDemocratic2011White Plains
29AMatthew MorganRepublican2015MechanicsvilleSt. Mary’s
29BBrian M. CrosbyDemocratic2019Great MillsSt. Mary’s
29CJerry ClarkRepublican2016LusbyCalvert, St. Mary’s
30AShaneka HensonDemocratic2019AnnapolisAnne Arundel
Dana JonesDemocratic2020Annapolis
30BSeth A. HowardRepublican2015West RiverAnne Arundel
31ANed CareyDemocratic2015BrooklynAnne Arundel
31BBrian ChisholmRepublican2019Severna ParkAnne Arundel
Nic KipkeRepublican2007Pasadena
32J. Sandy BartlettDemocratic2019LaurelAnne Arundel
Mark S. ChangDemocratic2015Glen Burnie
Mike RogersDemocratic2019Laurel
33Heather BagnallDemocratic2019ArnoldAnne Arundel
Sid SaabRepublican2015Crownsville
Rachel MuñozRepublican2021Severna Park
34ASteven C. JohnsonDemocratic2019AberdeenHarford
Mary Ann LisantiDemocratic2015Havre de Grace
34BSusan K. McComasRepublican2003Bel AirHarford
35AKevin HornbergerRepublican2015North EastCecil
35BMike GriffithRepublican2020Bel AirCecil, Harford
Teresa E. ReillyRepublican2015Whiteford
36Steven J. ArentzRepublican2013QueenstownCaroline, Cecil, Kent, Queen Anne’s
Jefferson L. GhristRepublican2015Ridgely
Jay JacobsRepublican2011Rock Hall
37ASheree Sample-HughesDemocratic2015SalisburyDorchester, Wicomico
37BChristopher T. AdamsRepublican2015HebronCaroline, Dorchester, Talbot, Wicomico
Johnny MautzRepublican2015Saint Michaels
38ACharles J. OttoRepublican2011Princess AnneSomerset, Worcester
38BCarl Anderton Jr.Republican2015DelmarWicomico
38CWayne A. HartmanRepublican2019Ocean CityWicomico, Worcester
39Gabriel AceveroDemocratic2019Montgomery VillageMontgomery
Lesley LopezDemocratic2019Germantown
Kirill ReznikDemocratic2007Gaithersburg
40Marlon AmpreyDemocratic2021BaltimoreBaltimore City
Frank M. Conaway Jr.Democratic2007Baltimore
Melissa WellsDemocratic2019Baltimore
41Dalya AttarDemocratic2019BaltimoreBaltimore City
Tony BridgesDemocratic2019Baltimore
Samuel I. RosenbergDemocratic1983Baltimore
42ACathi ForbesDemocratic2019TowsonBaltimore County
42BMichele GuytonDemocratic2019PhoenixBaltimore County
Nino MangioneRepublican2019Lutherville-Timonium
43Curt AndersonDemocratic2003BaltimoreBaltimore City
Regina T. BoyceDemocratic2019Baltimore
Maggie McIntoshDemocratic1992Baltimore
44ARoxane L. PrettymanDemocratic2021BaltimoreBaltimore City
44BSheila RuthDemocratic2020CatonsvilleBaltimore County
Pat YoungDemocratic2015Catonsville
45Chanel BranchDemocratic2020BaltimoreBaltimore City
Talmadge BranchDemocratic1995Baltimore
Stephanie M. SmithDemocratic2019Baltimore
46Luke ClippingerDemocratic2011BaltimoreBaltimore City
Robbyn LewisDemocratic2017Baltimore
Brooke LiermanDemocratic2015Baltimore
47ADiana M. FennellDemocratic2015BrentwoodPrince George’s
Julian IveyDemocratic2019Cheverly
47BWanika B. FisherDemocratic2019HyattsvillePrince George’s

Committees

Committee
Chairpersons
Subcommittees
AppropriationsMaggie McIntosh (DBaltimore), Chair

Mark S. Chang (DGlen Burnie), Vice Chair

  • Capital Budget Subcommittee
  • Education & Economic Development Subcommittee
  • Health & Social Services Subcommittee
  • Public Safety & Administration Subcommittee
  • Transportation & the Environment Subcommittee
  • Oversight Committee on Pensions
  • Oversight Committee on Personnel
Economic MattersDereck E. Davis (DBowie), Chair

Kathleen Dumais (DRockville), Vice Chair

  • Alcoholic Beverages Subcommittee
  • Banking, Consumer Protection & Commercial Law Subcommittee
  • Business Regulation Subcommittee
  • Property & Casualty Insurance Subcommittee
  • Public Utilities Subcommittee
  • Unemployment Insurance Subcommittee
  • Workers’ Compensation Subcommittee
Environment & TransportationKumar P. Barve (DRockville), Chair

Dana Stein (DPikesville), Vice Chair

  • Environment Subcommittee
  • Housing & Real Property Subcommittee
  • Land Use & Ethics Subcommittee
  • Local Government & Bi-County Agencies Subcommittee
  • Motor Vehicle & Transportation Subcommittee
  • Natural Resources, Agriculture & Open Space Subcommittee
Health & Government OperationsShane Pendergrass (DColumbia), Chair

Joseline Peña-Melnyk (DCollege Park), Vice Chair

  • Government Operations & Health Facilities Subcommittee
  • Health Occupations & Long-Term Care Subcommittee
  • Insurance & Pharmaceuticals Subcommittee
  • Public Health & Minority Health Disparities Subcommittee
JudiciaryLuke Clippinger (DBaltimore), Chair

Vanessa Atterbeary (DFulton), Vice Chair

  • Civil Law & Procedure Subcommittee
  • Criminal Law & Procedure Subcommittee
  • Family Law Subcommittee
  • Juvenile Law Subcommittee
  • Law Enforcement Officers Public Information Work Group
  • Public Safety Subcommittee
Rules & Executive NominationsAnne Healey (DHyattsville), Chair

Marvin E. Holmes Jr. (DUpper Marlboro), Vice Chair

Ways & MeansAnne Kaiser (DSilver Spring), Chair

Alonzo T. Washington (DGreenbelt), Vice Chair

  • Early Childhood Subcommittee
  • Education Subcommittee
  • Election Law Subcommittee
  • Local Revenues Subcommittee
  • Racing & Gaming Subcommittee
  • Revenues Subcommittee

See also

References

  1. ^ “Report of the General Assembly Compensation Commission” (PDF). Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Maryland State Archives (June 17, 2004). “Maryland House of Delegates – ORIGIN & FUNCTIONS”. Retrieved June 12, 2007.
  3. ^ “Baltimore County Del. Adrienne Jones elected speaker of the Maryland House of Delegates”. The Baltimore Sun. May 1, 2019.
  4. ^ “Maryland General Assembly Caucuses – Women Legislators of Maryland”. msa.maryland.gov.
  5. ^ Maryland State archives, accessed June 30, 2017
  6. ^ “Maryland General Assembly Caucuses – Maryland Legislative Asian-American & Pacific-Islander Caucus”. msa.maryland.gov.
  7. ^ “Maryland General Assembly Caucuses – Maryland Veterans Caucus”. msa.maryland.gov.
  8. ^ For organizational purposes, the Independent caucused with the Republicans.
  9. ^ The Baltimore Sun (November 5, 2014). “Republicans ride GOP wave to gain General Assembly seats”. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  10. ^ “Anne Arundel delegate who came out as bisexual during conversion therapy debate changes parties”. The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
  11. ^ “OUTGOING DELEGATE SWITCHES TO GREEN PARTY”. The Montgomery County Sentinel. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
  12. ^ Maryland Manual On-Line (March 3, 2017). “Maryland House of Delegates – Organizational Structure”. Retrieved April 19, 2017.

Further reading

Legislative District Maps, which are updated every ten years

External links